Population, Manpower And Social Character in Sragen

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Demographically, the population in Sragen rr^ency well known as Sukowati land is more :ran 858,266 peopleconsisting424,577 menand 41 5 689 women. The rapid of population growth as 0.35% in 2005 with population density 907 rerson/km2.
The age range of Sragen population is on the :ung to old transition. The work force participation range reached 415,787 people in 2003 i n which 388,735 people was working group r»2Jo) and 32,052 people (7.7%) was on the job searching. Moreover, the numberofworkforce is -65,868 people with regional minimum wage I MR) around Rp 550,000,-. More than 50% of :ne total population is farmers. Even since 1970,
Sragen has been popular as national rice barn and pri me su ppl ier of food inqu iries in this country).
Sragen Regency was surplus of rice production in 1998 to 2003. In that period the rice supply reached 305,591 tons with annual consumption average 100,074 tons; then it was surplus 205,51 7 tons. It means that one year harvest crop can fulfil Sragen’s necessity for more than two years. This condition makes Sragen popular as farming region.
Unfortunately, time pendulum keeps swinging. High technology and economic globalization make Sragen people must move fast to follow the change. Agricultural live system gone on hundreds year ago starts getting significant movement, especially in one lastdecade.
Agricultural sector is still one of major economic pillars in Sragen, however, modernization flow has given new touch to Sragen people thought. They are experiencing now social transformation. The people have moved to free their selves from old consciousness pattern. Leaving old tradition with satisfaction of agricultural life only, moving to dynamic, independent, creative and business oriented society.

Rich of creativity and innovation in exploring available resources is a unique characteristic of Sragen’s modern society lately. On the other hand, the tradition of trade and business, though in micro scale, is natural character of Sragen people who are inherited from generation to generation. No wonder if this unique character can change Sragen face to region with promised economical potencies.
The visible track of changed thought pattern can be seen from the lack dependence to natural resources. Furthermore, Sragen society does not rely on merely agricultural and farming sectors. Sragen’s young generation prefers to be trader, professional man, working on other business using high technology and modern management knowledge.
The one who is consistent to agricultural sector usually expand to agribusiness or develop an agro industry so that he becomes a progressive farmer who has open mind, skill and capability to manageabusiness.
The result is processed food home industries increasing with better qualification standard and quality control also using more hygienic packaging technique. Organic agriculture and fertilizer cultivation are actively programmed. Meanwhile, the livestock woof small industry managing independently by farmers grow rapidly as well. This phenomenon shows how spirit and enthusiasticSragen people tocreateinnovations.
The indication of society enthusiasm in working business can be seen through the large amount of small to middle enterprises (I KM). In 2003,1 KM population was 1 5,757 units and had climbed 16,085 units in 2004.This amount reached 16,245 units in 2005 and 1 6,498 units in 2006. The increasing growth of total various sectors IKM makes Sragen ready to be prime goods and services supplier in surroundingarea.
The other uniq ue character of Sragen people is to be ashamed if they have unpaid debts. Payingthe debts gives special prestige for Sragen society. That is why Sragen people generally feel prohibited to delay debts payment since social culture running in the society tends to give reprimand to whose debts arrears.
The debts definition according to Sragen people can be fund loan or tax pulled by government. Kecik villagers of Tanon subdistrict are the real sample of this prestige.
Kecik people are farming society. Most of the lands are used for rice field which is suitable for developing horticultural farming. No wonder if most of Kecik villagers plant on chili, watermelon, melon, cucumber, darkercolored mustard greens, eggplantand so on. Their main plants are red chili, watermelon, onion and melon, even they can dominate horticultural market in Solo and Ngawi also prime market in other regions.
All farmers in Kecik village are covered in ten farmer groups that most of group have their own capital collected from the member Rp
22.6 million. The excitement is the Kecik farmers free of Farming

e one w ho is consistent agricultural sector ually expands agribusiness or develop agro industry.
So that he becomes progressive farmer who has open mind, skill and capability to manage a business.
Sragen Economy
Mr. Untung Wiyono is ready to establish important reformation in many sectors.
Awaring his region
can not depend continuously
on natural resources,
he tries to explore
other potencies optimally…
Business Credit (KUT) arrears. More than this, the Kecik farmers actively manage eight wells of P2AT (Ground Water Usage Project). Itshowsthat Kecik society has been motivated to own modern agricultural production means.
Kecik village was successful in collecting hundreds million fund from villagers to develop their village. In 2005, Kecik society self- supporting fund reached Rp 336,588,700.00. This self-supporting fund could make Kecik develop many infrastructures spreading entire region with responsible quality and all of these were free of debts arrears. They could also fulfil income target of land and building taxes, almost 100%. See the land and buildingtaxes realization level which was settled 80.73% in 2005.
Based on this natural unique character, there is no surprise if Sragen becomes one of regions with high economic and business progress. This is the region possessing market potency where the society is strong economically and accommodate relatively to technology progress and business management change. It is really interesting place totryabusiness.
The society dynamism gets equal response from Sragen local government. When Mr. Untung Wiyonostarted leadingSragen in 2001, hespread out entirely and systematically bureaucracy reformation. Prominently, reformation is atrial to change work paradigm of government officers having social satisfaction oriented and high spirit ethos so they are willing to reach great performance and push public service quality then.
The old fashion bureaucracy paradigm which always asked to be served is reformed totally by new awareness as public service. Strict control of bureaucracy and proper rewards for good performance government officer become a success key of the regent Untung Wiyono in implementing the new paradigm.
Mr. Untung Wiyono is ready to establish important reformation in many sectors. Awaring his region can not depend continuously on natural
resources, he tries to explore other potencies optimally so that Sragen will be known as industry, trading and service city. To attract prospective investors, land arrangement is reformed; the facilities, infrastructures and public areas are rearranged.
The long-winded bureaucracy is cut off when issuing so me kind policies for business world. The regent established One Stop Service (OSS) office in 2002 for simplifying legalization process of licenses and service. OSS handles now 59 license services and 10 non license services with easy, quick, transparent and comfortable process within 1 2 days maximally.
The Regent also launched Marketing Team. This new step could be one of innovative policies of Sragen Local Governmentwhich is notfound in other regions yet. Marketing Team is developed to anticipate fast-moving global market, supported by the increasing productions of plentiful prime products in Sragen. More over, general trading of the prime products urges to manage professionally in order to fasten society income, economygrowth and increase regional revenues.
The multiply effects of reforming bureaucracy and paradigm change of public service are incredible. On the investor’s eyes, Sragen now appears like exotic swaying dancer. The consequence is investment current starts overflowSragen.
Sragen economy is increasing as well. The economy growth in 2000 exceeded 2.85% and increased 5.16% on the next five years. Meanwhile, the Gross Regional Domestic Product contribution in 2001 – 2005 increased 67.48%.

The poverty level could have been pressured. Census of Statistic Centre Department indicated in 2001 the total poor people were 262,414 people. This amount keeps decreased to 229,885 people in 2003 and 168,498 people in 2006.
The increasing is also for regional revenues. In 2000 it was Rp 7.3 billion only but in 2005 this organic rice producer regency could scoop up Rp 72.8 billion to fill regional purse. It’san impressed achievement.
This success will not make Sragen government forget itself. The strategic policy and program are issued continously to support current developments. The means, facilities and infrastructures are constructing continuously to speed regional progress.
Building cooperation with Government Electricity Company (PLN), the development of electricity network in Sragen has reached out 208 villages. As the result of incentive electricity network development, the families who weren’t
reached electricity yet were 2,049 only in 2004. For Sragen region, PLN allocates 104.5 Megawatt with well equipped capacity 102.7 Megawatt. However the allocation of electricity power will be appropriated as customer’s requirement.
Clean water? Don’t worry about it! Sragen has plenty of fresh, pure and natural water resources. Nowonder if clean water supply for Sragen people never find meaning trouble. PDAM (Drinking Water Regional Company) is the government institution managing water for Sragen people. Sragen PDAM supplies fresh clean water with capacity 442 liters per second and well equipped capacity 3 301 iters per second.
Road is a vital component to smooth inhabitant mobility and increase goods and service barter process. Road network in Sragen Regency already reaches out small villages in primecondition.
Sragen is acrossed state road along 30.45 km, province road 66.69 km and regency road 992.20 km. The connecting road to access subdistricts is already hotmix and most of the roads in village area have been constructed with stone, cement,

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